- Shu (守?) “Novice or beginner; narrowly following give practices” – traditional wisdom -learning fundamentals, techniques, proverbs.
- ha (破?) “detach, digress, following, but extending, perfecting, occasionally breaking the rules” — breaking with tradition — detachment from the illusions of self.
- ri (離?) “leave, separate, perfecting to creating your own practices” — transcendence — there are no techniques or proverbs, all moves are natural, becoming one with spirit alone without clinging to forms; transcending the physical.
In Japanese martial arts there is a concept which describes the stages of learning to mastery named Shuhari: